With over 30 years based in Brussels, my practice is a leading authority in competition law, covering articles 101 and 102, state aid, merger control and more.

Over many years, I have built up extensive litigation experience before the European Courts in Luxembourg, having represented clients in almost 100 cases, including three in the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Justice.

I have also represented clients under investigation, obtained phase I and phase II merger control clearance and filed complaints with the European Commission and other national competition authorities. I organise anti-trust audits to help identify current or potential infringements and devise compliance programmes to help prevent future infringements.

Working with colleagues across my team, I have extensive experience of representing leading US, Japanese and European clients in sectors including aviation, ICT, media, retail, sports and food & beverage.
Before joining Bird & Bird in 2009, I was head of the Brussels office at a leading US law firm and co-head of its European competition group.

I am the Editor of the World Competition, Law and Economics Journal (Kluwer) and as well as writing extensively on competition law, I am a frequent conference speaker. I am a member of the Working Groups on Competition and State Aids Law of the European Confederation of Business Associations (Business Europe) and sit on the Executive Committee of the Global Competition Law Centre. From 2000 until 2019, I was a visiting professor at the College of Europe in Brussels.

  • My area of focus is national and EU competition law. I represent complainants and defendants in proceedings with the EU Commission and before the EU Courts. I have successfuly participated in commitment proceedings, settlements and standard cases as well as merger control and State aid cases.
  • I succesfuly represented EMPA in the second ever Commitments Decision in the so-called Cannes Extension Agreement (C2/38.681) and the complainant against IBM in IBM Maintenance Services (AT-39692).
  • I represented FMC in the second ever Settlement Decision of the Commission (Feedphosphates case).
  • I was instrumental in achieving the first amicus curiae intervention of the EU Commission before the Spanish Supreme Court (insurance cartel case).
  • I have litigated more than 95 cases before the EU Courts.
  • I have successfully represented parties in three cases before the Grand Chamber of the Court of Justice. We were successful in all three cases despite the fact that the Advocate Generals had issued an Opinion contrary to our position. These cases belong to the exceptional category of cases (less than 20%) where the Court of Justice does not follow the Opinion of its Advocates General (FENIN C-205/03P; Eurojust C-160/03 and Andersen C-303/13P).
  • I have obtained the annulment of two Commission Decisions by the EU Courts one of which is in the field of State Aids (CISAC, T-421/08, and DSB, T-92/11 + C-303/13P).
  • I belong to the small group of lawyers which have been hired by the Legal Service of the Commission (and other EU Agencies, EUROJUST, REA, Plant Variaty Protection Agency, SRB) to represent the institution in litigation before the EU Courts.
  • Law Degree, Zaragoza (Spain) University
  • College of Europe, Masters in EU Law (Bruges)
  • Visiting professor College of Europe (Natolin)
  • Ilustre Colegio de Abogados de Madrid