Nearly ten years ago, Algeria introduced an obligation for local individuals or companies to hold 51% of any foreign investment that significantly curtailed external resources and foreign investment during this period. The texts provided for a 49% cap on the participation of any foreign investor in the capital of an Algerian company.
Last week, in response to the need to revitalize the country's economic growth, Algeria has adopted the 2020 Finance law to withdraw the so-called "51/49 rule" for foreign investment in non-strategic sectors on November 28, 2019, restricting the scope of this rule to strategic sectors, that need to be defined.
The new Finance Law for 2020 also enables the use of external financing for "strategic, flagships, and targeted" projects for the national economy. Until then, the investments were limited to local financing. Relaxing the so-called 49/51 rule permits projects to benefit from financing and borrowings from regional and international financial institutions, of which Algeria is a member.