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  1. Legal news
    16 November 2020
    GVH launches sector inquiry regarding supply of beverages in the HoReCa sector
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/hungary/gvh-launches-sector-inquiry-regarding-supply-of-beverages-in-the-horeca-sector

    The Hungarian Competition Authority (GVH) launched a sector inquiry in October 2020 in order to investigate the supply of beverages in the HoReCa sector (hotels, restaurants and cafés). The GVH suspects that Hungarian ...

  2. Legal news
    04 March 2021
    UK CMA & EU Commission seeking views from stakeholders on the new VBER
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/global/uk-cma-eu-commission-seeking-views-from-stakeholders-on-the-new-vber

    The current Vertical Agreement Block Exemption Regulation (VBER) and its accompanying guidelines provide the framework of competition law regulation for suppliers and distributors across the EU. It is due to expire in ...

  3. Legal news
    19 April 2021
    A sandwich cartel case, or how leniency can get you out of a pickle
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/france/a-sandwich-cartel-case-or-how-leniency-can-get-you-out-of-a-pickle

    The French Competition Authority (“FCA”) recently fined the three main French manufacturers of sandwiches for mass retail distribution for having implemented a volume and customer allocation plan over a six-year period ...

  4. Legal news
    14 July 2021
    Highest Dutch Court upholds annulment of € 41 million abuse of dominance fine imposed on railway incumbent
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/netherlands/highest-dutch-court-upholds-annulment-of--41-million

    On 1 June 2021 the Dutch Trade and Industry Appeals Tribunal (“CBb”), which is the highest administrative court in the Netherlands, upheld the annulment of the nearly € 41 million abuse of dominance fine imposed by the ...

  5. Legal news
    16 February 2021
    Dutch regulator publishes final Guidelines regarding Sustainability Claims
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/netherlands/dutch-regulator-publishes-final-guidelines-regarding-sustainability-claims

    Sustainability plays an increasingly important role for companies and consumers when selling or buying products and services. To promote the development of markets for sustainable products and services, the Dutch ...

  6. Legal news
    16 March 2021
    Amsterdam Court of Appeal accepts jurisdiction in damages claim concerning abuse of dominance case on the Greek beer market
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/netherlands/amsterdam-court-of-appeal-accepts-jurisdiction-in-damages-claim

    On 16 February 2021, the Amsterdam Court of Appeal (Court of Appeal) reversed a judgment of the Amsterdam District Court (District Court) in which the District Court declined jurisdiction in the damage claims brought by ...

  7. Legal news
    11 June 2021
    Even “narrow” best price clauses are not narrow enough
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/germany/even-narrow-best-price-clauses-are-not-narrow-enough

    On May 18, 2021, the Federal Court of Justice (“FCJ”) ruled that Booking.com’s “narrow” best price clause violates Article 101 (1) TFEU (the cartel prohibition) as well. Thereby the FCJ overruled the Higher Regional ...

  8. Legal news
    27 November 2020
    The UK CMA investigates misleading environmental claims
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/uk/the-uk-cma-investigates-misleading-environmental-claims

    In recent years, sustainability credentials have moved from being ‘nice to have’ to an imperative for businesses in the UK, and across the EU. This has led to a wide array of sustainability claims ranging from a genuine ...

  9. Legal news
    15 September 2020
    Booking.com and Expedia agree voluntary extension to parity commitments
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/uk/booking-com-and-expedia-agree-voluntary-extension-to-parity-commitments

    In 2010, the CMA’s predecessor, the OFT, launched an investigation into alleged pricing restrictions in the online hotel booking sector. The investigation looked into Booking.com and Expedia’s use of rate parity, or ...

  10. Legal news
    15 December 2020
    A new EU Directive signals the start of collective actions on behalf of the EU consumer
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/a-new-eu-directive-signals-the-start-of-collective-actions-on-behalf-of-the-eu-consumer

    The EU has just passed a new Directive which aims to harmonise collective redress mechanisms for consumers across all Member States. This is a watershed moment for European class actions. We examine how the Directive ...