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  1. Legal news
    16 November 2020
    GVH launches sector inquiry regarding supply of beverages in the HoReCa sector
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/hungary/gvh-launches-sector-inquiry-regarding-supply-of-beverages-in-the-horeca-sector

    The Hungarian Competition Authority (GVH) launched a sector inquiry in October 2020 in order to investigate the supply of beverages in the HoReCa sector (hotels, restaurants and cafés). The GVH suspects that Hungarian ...

  2. Legal news
    15 September 2020
    Booking.com and Expedia agree voluntary extension to parity commitments
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/uk/booking-com-and-expedia-agree-voluntary-extension-to-parity-commitments

    In 2010, the CMA’s predecessor, the OFT, launched an investigation into alleged pricing restrictions in the online hotel booking sector. The investigation looked into Booking.com and Expedia’s use of rate parity, or ...

  3. Legal news
    27 November 2020
    The UK CMA investigates misleading environmental claims
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/uk/the-uk-cma-investigates-misleading-environmental-claims

    In recent years, sustainability credentials have moved from being ‘nice to have’ to an imperative for businesses in the UK, and across the EU. This has led to a wide array of sustainability claims ranging from a genuine ...

  4. Legal news
    16 February 2021
    Dutch regulator publishes final Guidelines regarding Sustainability Claims
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/netherlands/dutch-regulator-publishes-final-guidelines-regarding-sustainability-claims

    Sustainability plays an increasingly important role for companies and consumers when selling or buying products and services. To promote the development of markets for sustainable products and services, the Dutch ...

  5. Legal news
    15 December 2020
    A new EU Directive signals the start of collective actions on behalf of the EU consumer
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/a-new-eu-directive-signals-the-start-of-collective-actions-on-behalf-of-the-eu-consumer

    The EU has just passed a new Directive which aims to harmonise collective redress mechanisms for consumers across all Member States. This is a watershed moment for European class actions. We examine how the Directive ...

  6. Legal news
    14 August 2020
    FCCA's policy to prohibit recordings of hearings declared unlawful
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/finland/fccas-policy-to-prohibit-recordings-of-hearings-declared-unlawful

    According to the decision of the Deputy Chancellor of Justice ("DCJ"), the Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority ("FCCA") cannot restrict the right of attorneys to record the hearings conducted by the FCCA under ...

  7. Legal news
    29 April 2020
    US food delivery companies hit with anti-trust law suit
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/us-food-delivery-companies-hit-with-anti-trust-law-suit

    Locked down or not, customers increasingly rely on deliveries from local restaurants. What if delivery companies imposed "no price competition clauses" on restaurants as a requirement for participating in delivery apps? ...

  8. Legal news
    13 October 2020
    Retail Price Maintenance in the EU
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/retail-price-maintenance-in-the-eu

    The European Commission concluded in its 2017 Final Report on the e-commerce sector that pricing restrictions are generally the most widespread contractual restrictions. Manufacturers and retailers have been using ...

  9. Legal news
    09 April 2020
    State aid support to the Hotel and Leisure sector following the COVID-19 outbreak
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/state-aid-support-to-the-hotel-and-leisure-sector-following-the-covid19-outbreak

    The European Commission has recognised the Hotel and Leisure sector as one of the sectors hit hardest by the COVID-19 outbreak. The impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the Hotel and Leisure sector is unparalleled. The ...

  10. Legal news
    13 October 2020
    European Commission confirms the need for more guidance on retail parity or most favoured nation (‘MFN’) clauses
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/retail-parity-or-most-favoured-nation-mfn-clauses

    One of the key gaps in the current competition law framework for vertical agreements is the absence of guidance on how retail parity clauses (also known as MFN’s) should be assessed under Article 101 TFEU. In the ...