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  1. Legal news
    26 November 2018
    The ECJ rules on how air fares should be published by EU carriers in order to comply with Regulation 1008/2008
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2018/global/the-ecj-rules-on-how-air-fares-should-be-published-by-eu-carriers

    On 15 November 2018 the European Court of Justice issued a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Article 2(18) and Article 23(1) of EC No 1008/2008 on common rules for the operation of air services (the ...

  2. Legal news
    24 March 2020
    State aid & the COVID-19 pandemic in the Aviation sector
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/state-aid-and-the-covid-19-pandemic-in-the-aviation-sector

    In this period of crisis, the European Commission has shown its willingness to help Member States in the design of state aid schemes and/or individual measures to support companies facing economic difficulties due to ...

  3. Legal news
    17 December 2020
    State aid and sustainability: what does the future hold for aviation?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/state-aid-and-sustainability-what-does-the-future-hold-for-aviation

    As hard-hit airlines around the world fight to survive the COVID-19 pandemic, many are increasingly relying on state aid for survival. These governments are seeking to find ways to nudge national infrastructure towards ...

  4. Legal news
    17 October 2019
    Competition-related takeaways from Vestager's European Parliament Hearing
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/competition-related-takeaways-from-vestagers-european-parliament-hearing

    After a long hearing, the European Parliament backed Margrethe Vestager to become the Commission's new Executive Vice President for Digital and EU Competition Chief. Her public statements included some specific ...

  5. Legal news
    23 December 2019
    Competitive Edge: Competition & EU law news - December 2019
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/competitive-edge-dec-2019

    Keeping you up to date on Competition & EU law developments in Europe and beyond

  6. Legal news
    22 November 2019
    Case notes: Landmark ruling of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) on validity of airport charges
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/case-notes-landmark-ruling-of-the-court-of-justice-of-the-european-union

    The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has rendered a landmark decision ruling that airports must not agree with individual airport users preferential airport charges different from those approved by the ...

  7. Legal news
    17 November 2020
    European industrial policy vs. European competition law: state of play 18 months after the Siemens-Alstom decision
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/european-industrial-policy-vs-european-competition-law-state

    The European Commission's decision to block the Siemens-Alstom mega-merger in February 2019 provoked the anger of the French and German governments that had backed the deal. Eighteen months after this decision and an ...

  8. Legal news
    15 December 2020
    Outlook: Sustainability and competition law in 2021
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/sustainability-and-competition-law-in-202

    Competition law is (sometimes) perceived to be a barrier for cooperation and progress towards a more sustainable economy. This outlook 2021 explores the current available leeway under competition law for sustainability ...

  9. Legal news
    17 May 2021
    ECN+ Directive (finally) transposed into Spanish law
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/spain/ecn-directive-finally-transposed-into-spanish-law

    On 29 April 2021, the Spanish Royal Decree-Law 7/2021 entered into force, modifying the Spanish Competition Act (“LDC”) due to the transposition of the Directive 2019/1 – known as the “ECN+ Directive” – which aims to ...

  10. Legal news
    15 December 2020
    A few final words on Brexit (or not so final!)
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/uk/a-few-final-words-on-brexit-or-not-so-final

    As 31 December 2020 approaches the UK and EU competition authorities have both published guidance on the application of the competition rules at the end of the Brexit transition period. This also covers the treatment of ...