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  1. Legal news
    06 April 2021
    How indispensable is the indispensability criterion in cases of refusal to supply competitors by dominant companies?

    The recent judgment of the Court of Justice of the EU in Slovak Telekom is a judgment with significant implications. This article summarises the main lessons from Slovak Telecom as regards the indispensability criterion ...

  2. Legal news
    06 February 2019
    Belgian Competition Authority imposes €98,000 fine for maximum rebates

    On 29 January 2019, the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) imposed a €98,000 fine on HM Products, a wholesale distributor of infrared cabins, for imposing maximum rebates on its retailers.

  3. Legal news
    24 July 2017
    The European Commission initiates an investigation into alleged excessive pricing practices in the pharmaceutical sector

    The European Commission (EC) has opened a formal investigation into certain alleged excessive pricing practices pursued by Aspen Pharmacare Holdings Limited (Aspen), so-called "price gouging", in relation to off-patent ...

  4. Legal news
    10 July 2020
    Belgian Competition Authority adopts new Guidelines

    On 22 May 2020 the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) published three new guidelines: (i) new guidelines regarding the informal opinions of the BCA's President; (ii) new guidelines regarding the calculation of fines; ...

  5. Legal news
    14 April 2020
    State aid & the COVID-19 pandemic – Automotive sector

    Public safety measures, supply disruptions and the unprecedented dramatic decline in automotive markets as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak have forced OEMs to stop production in numerous Member States. Such decisions ...

  6. Legal news
    18 March 2020
    State aid & the COVID-19 pandemic – obtaining State aid for mitigating the financial impact of the pandemic

    The COVID-19 pandemic has been declared an exceptional occurrence, paving the way for more and faster approval of national State aid initiatives in the EU.

  7. Legal news
    09 April 2020
    Increased leeway for cooperation between Pharma and Medical Equipment companies during the COVID-19 crisis

    Competition rules are aimed at safeguarding healthy competition between companies. For more than half a century the EU and its Member States have vigorously defended effective competition by pursuing and sanctioning ...

  8. Legal news
    16 June 2020
    Geo-Blocking Regulation: Stumbling Block or Building Block towards the Digital Single Market?

    Already a while ago, on the 3rd of December 2018, the Geo-blocking Regulation (“the GBR”) came into force. The GBR’s goal is to realise the full potential of the EU’s internal market by abolishing obstacles put in place ...

  9. Legal news
    16 February 2021
    Video games sector hit with anti-trust fine for geo-blocking practices

    One of the final cases resulting from the European Commission's e-commerce sector enquiry has come to a conclusion. On 20 January 2021, the Directorate-General for Competition fined Valve Corporation, owner of the Steam ...