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  1. Legal news
    14 April 2020
    COVID-19: Practical and detailed guide to regulation and consequences in the energy and infrastructure sectors in Italy (including a focus on the potential impact of the Liquidity Decree)
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/italy/covid-19-energy---infrastructure

    Following the outbreak of the health emergency in Italy due to the spread of the coronavirus (COVID-19), the Italian Government has implemented several emergency measures impacting the energy and infrastructure sectors. ...

  2. Legal news
    11 July 2019
    New European vehicle CO2 emissions performance standards and opportunities for manufacturers of electric vehicles
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/new-european-vehicle-co2-emissions-performance-standards-and-opportunities-for-manufacturers

    Lawrence Freeman (Senior Counsel, Bird & Bird, Brussels and previously the European Counsel of Tesla, Inc.) reviews the new European vehicle CO2 emissions performance standards and the opportunities for manufacturers of ...

  3. Legal news
    05 August 2019
    Ofgem publishes customer-sharing competition infringement decision
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/uk/ofgem-publishes-customer-sharing-competition-infringement-decision

    On 26 July 2019, the energy regulator published its decision, fining two energy suppliers for agreeing not to target each other's customers, and a third company for providing software to facilitate the collusion; the ...

  4. Legal news
    29 September 2020
    Amendments to the EU vehicle type approval system and the exemption procedure for EU approval of new autonomous vehicle technology
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/amendments-to-the-eu-vehicle-type-approval-system-and-the-exemption-procedure-for-eu-approval

    Under the Whole Vehicle Type-Approval System ("WVTA"), a manufacturer can obtain certification for a vehicle type in one EU Member State and market it EU-wide without further tests. The certification is issued by a ...

  5. Legal news
    14 July 2020
    The EU Court of Justice provides guidance for the antitrust assessment of "pay-for-delay" agreements in the pharmaceutical sector.
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/the-eu-court-of-justice-provides-guidance-for-the-antitrust

    The Court of Justice provided guidance for the antitrust assessment of agreements between competitors in the pharmaceutical sector. The Court's judgment is relevant because it addresses fundamental issues that have been ...

  6. Legal news
    17 March 2020
    Double Caution: Gun Jumping Risks in M&A Transactions
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/double-caution-gun-jumping-risks-in-m-and-a-transactions

    Following a few interesting EU developments regarding gun jumping in concentrations our Competition team looked into the relevance for M&A transactions, whilst taking into perspective what the ECJ and European ...

  7. Legal news
    16 April 2020
    COVID-19 emergency measures: the expansion of 'golden power' review on foreign direct investments
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/italy/covid19-decreto-liquidita---golden-power

    Law Decree No. 23 of 8 April 2020 - published in the Official Gazette on 8 April 2020 and entered into force on 9 April 2020 (the "Decreto Liquidità") - introduced, among other measures, a series of provisions that ...

  8. Legal news
    26 March 2019
    New German Trade Secrets Act adopted
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/germany/new-german-trade-secrets-act-adopted

    After several months of delay and heated political discussion among all German parties on the scope of protection of the draft act, on Thursday, 21 March 2019, the German parliament adopted the Federal Government’s ...

  9. Legal news
    23 August 2019
    Clean energy for all Europeans - An overview
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/clean-energy-for-all-europeans---an-overview

    The 'Clean Energy For All Europeans' Package plays a key role in the European Union's transition towards a climate neutral economy and in completing the Energy Union. The completion of the Package on 22 May 2019 marked ...