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  1. Legal news
    18 August 2020
    ICA launches investigation into Apple and Amazon for alleged restrictions in the online sale of Apple and Beats branded products
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/italy/ica-launches-investigation-into-apple-and-amazon

    On 22 July, the Italian Competition Authority (the "ICA") announced it had opened an investigation against Apple and Amazon for an alleged violation of article 101 TFEU.

  2. Legal news
    04 October 2019
    EBA Guidelines On Outsourcing Arrangements Have Entered Into Force
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/eba-guidelines-on-outsourcing-arrangements-have-entered-into-force

    The guidelines on outsourcing arrangements (Guidelines) of the European Banking Authority (EBA) entered into force. The Guidelines are aimed at harmonising the framework for outsourcing arrangements for financial ...

  3. Legal news
    05 August 2019
    Ofgem publishes customer-sharing competition infringement decision
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/uk/ofgem-publishes-customer-sharing-competition-infringement-decision

    On 26 July 2019, the energy regulator published its decision, fining two energy suppliers for agreeing not to target each other's customers, and a third company for providing software to facilitate the collusion; the ...

  4. Legal news
    18 June 2020
    The European Commission opens formal antitrust probes against Apple in relation to Apple Pay and the App Store
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/france/the-european-commission-opens-formal-antitrust-probes-against-apple-in-relation-to-apple-pay

    While the payment sector is under the authorities’ spotlight with two on-going public consultations on payments and fintech launched by the European Commission (EC – see our alert here) and a separate consultation on ...

  5. Legal news
    23 July 2019
    Dispute Resolution London Update July 2019
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/uk/dispute-resolution-london-update-july-2019

    Our London disputes team is delighted to provide you with the latest edition of our Dispute Resolution bulletin featuring articles on topical dispute resolution issues, recent legal developments and an introduction as ...

  6. Twobirds news
    03 June 2019
    Baseline merges with Valeocon to bolster Bird & Bird management consulting business
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/press-releases/2019/global/baseline-merges-with-valeocon

    International law firm Bird & Bird today announces the merger of its Baseline consulting arm with Valeocon Management Consulting, creating one of the largest management consultancy firms linked to an international law ...

  7. Legal news
    25 September 2020
    More Severe Criminal Penalties on Safety Production Are Coming in China
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/china/more-severe-criminal-penalties-on-safety-production-is-coming-in-china

    The draft PRC Criminal Law Amendment (XI) (the "Draft Amendment") was released on July 3, 2020, seeking for public comments. Amongst others, the draft amendment to Article 134 of the PRC Criminal Law ("Article 134") ...

  8. Legal news
    18 August 2020
    UOKiK publishes its guidelines on the principles of imposing fines on managers
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/poland/uokik-publishes-its-guidelines-on-the-principles-of-imposing-fines-on-managers

    The Polish Competition and Consumer Protection Act foresees that sanctions for implementing anticompetitive agreements may be imposed on companies and their managers. Managers who intentionally permit their company to ...

  9. Legal news
    06 August 2020
    Private use of corporate email accounts in Hungary
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/hungary/private-use-of-corporate-email-accounts-in-hungary

    In the last six months, the Hungarian Data Protection Authority (“NAIH”) has imposed a total of approx. EUR 5,000 in data protection fines for the private use of corporate email accounts, in three cases.

  10. Legal news
    11 February 2020
    New German legislation allows access to the iPhone's NFC antenna
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/germany/new-german-legislation-allows-access-to-the-iphones-nfc-antenna

    As part of the implementation of the fifth Anti-Money Laundering Directive (AMLD5), the German Parliament has decided to require providers of technical infrastructures, such as Apple in relation to the Near Field ...