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  1. Legal news
    14 July 2021
    An alternative approach to resolving a potential competition law issue
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/czech-republic/an-alternative-approach-to-resolving-a-potential-competition-law-issue

    The Office for the Protection of Competition (Office) recently applied an alternative solution to a potential competition issue related to vertical resale price agreements and customer restriction agreements. Although ...

  2. Legal news
    19 April 2021
    Request for a CJEU preliminary ruling regarding the evidence disclosure under the EU Damages Directive
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/czech-republic/preliminary-ruling-regarding-the-evidence-disclosure-under-the-eu-damages-directive

    The Czech Supreme Court lodged a request for a preliminary ruling (Case C-57/21) on 1 February 2021 regarding evidence disclosure under the EU Damages Directive 2014/104/EU.

  3. Legal news
    21 July 2021
    AgCom publishes the Resolutions defining the new obligations for online search engines and online intermediaries
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/italy/pubblicate-le-delibere-agcom-nuovi-obblighi-per-motori-di-ricerca-e-intermediari-online

    With the Italian Budget Law 2021 (Law no. 178/2020), the Italian legislator has implemented EU Regulation 2019/1150 (“P2B Regulation”), entrusting the Authority for Communications Guarantees (“AgCom”) with the role of ...

  4. Legal news
    15 June 2021
    Google fined EUR 102 million for abusing its dominant position in the Android Auto platform
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/italy/google-fined-eur-102-million-for-abusing-its-dominant-position-in-the-android-auto-platform

    On 13 May 2021, the Italian Competition Authority (ICA) fined Google for its refusal to publish an app developed by Enel X Italia (“JuicePass”) on Android Auto allowing electric vehicle drivers to search and book an ...

  5. Legal news
    22 January 2021
    Italian 2021 Budget Law: new electronic communications regulatory requirements for search engines and online intermediaries
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/italy/italian-2021-budget-law

    With the new Law n. 178/2020 (“2021 Budget Law”), online intermediation services and online search engines offering services in Italy, even if not established on Italian territory, have been given two new obligations.

  6. Legal news
    16 February 2021
    More powers for the Czech competition authority?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/czech-republic/more-powers-for-the-czech-competition-authority

    Currently, there are two bills being discussed in the Czech Parliament. Under the first bill, which implements the European Electronic Communications Code (EECC) in the Czech Republic, the Czech Office for the ...

  7. Legal news
    19 April 2021
    The European Commission publishes the Results of the public consultation on the review of the Motor Vehicle Block Exemption Regulation
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/global/the-european-commission-publishes-the-results-of-the-public-consultation-on-the-review-of-the-motor

    On 17 March 2021, the European Commission (“EC”) published a summary of the contributions on the review of the Motor Vehicle Block Exemption Regulation (“MVBER”) (“Consultation”). The MVBER is due to expire on 31 May ...

  8. Legal news
    16 February 2021
    New Commission Notice on relevant market likely to be more focussed on digital markets
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/global/new-commission-notice-on-relevant-market-likely-to-be-more-focussed-on-digital-markets

    The consultation on the Commission Notice on relevant market definition has finished and sparked many responses pressing for more guidance on digital markets. This article will discuss which topics are likely to be ...

  9. Legal news
    19 April 2021
    CNMC clears Bankia-Caixabank merger with conditions
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/spain/cnmc-clears-bankia-caixabank-merger-with-conditions

    The Spanish Competition authority (“CNMC”) has cleared Caixabank’s acquisition of state-owned financial entity Bankia in phase I, subject to conditions. This transaction gives rise to the merger between the third and ...

  10. Legal news
    12 October 2021
    The Limits Of Time-Barring Once Again Being Tested By The FCCA
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/finland/the-limits-of-time-barring-once-again-being-tested-by-the-fcca

    The Finnish Competition and Consumer Authority (“FCCA”) has on 27 September proposed a penalty payment of nearly 1,9 million euros to be imposed on six coach operators for having submitted illegal joint tenders in three ...