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  1. Legal news
    18 August 2021
    The FCA publishes its annual report and gives an outlook of its enforcing action
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/france/fca-publishes-its-annual-report-and-gives-an-outlook-of-its-enforcing-action

    The French Competition Authority (“FCA”) has recently published its annual report for 2020. The study provides a summary of the 2020’s major cases and gives an overview of the FCA’s focus for the coming years. During ...

  2. Legal news
    15 March 2021
    French Supreme Court extends legal privilege to all attorney-client correspondence relating to rights of defence
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/france/french-supreme-court-extends-legal-privilege-to-all-attorney-client-correspondence

    On 20 January 2021, the criminal chamber of the French Supreme Court held that in the context of a dawn raid carried out by a competition authority, all attorney-client correspondence relating to the right of defence is ...

  3. Legal news
    14 July 2021
    New tools for the French watchdog as ECN+ Directive is now fully implemented
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/france/new-tools-for-the-french-watchdog-as-ecn-directive-is-now-fully-implemented

    On 26 May this year, a presidential ordinance (the Ordinance) perfected the transposition into French law of the ECN+ European Directive of 11 December 2018, which aims to strengthen the powers of national competition ...

  4. Legal news
    20 January 2021
    The FCA publishes its roadmap for 2021
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/france/the-fca-publishes-its-roadmap-for-2021

    After a year strongly marked by the unprecedented COVID-19 health and economic crisis, the French Competition Authority ("FCA") recently published its roadmap for 2021. Continuity and novelty are the two words that can ...

  5. Legal news
    16 February 2021
    New FCA’s study on professional bodies in the run-up to ECN+ Directive transposition
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/france/new-fcas-study-on-professional-bodies-in-the-run-up-to-ecn-directive-transposition

    While the ECN+ Directive is about to be transposed into French law, which will result in exposing professional bodies to potentially much heavier sanctions than under the current legal framework, the French Competition ...

  6. Legal news
    15 September 2020
    Merger control: first-ever FCA’s decision to block a transaction
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/france/merger-control-first-ever-fcas-decision-to-block-a-transaction

    Nearly a month after issuing its new merger control guidelines, the French Competition Authority (FCA) broke new ground in merger control by issuing a blocking decision on 28 August 2020, against the joint takeover of a ...

  7. Legal news
    25 February 2020
    Apple’s software update branded as instance of unfair commercial practice by French regulator
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/france/apples-software-update-branded-as-instance-of-unfair-commercial-practice-by-french-regulator

    An investigation by the French regulator for matters of competition and consumer rights, the Direction Générale de la Concurrence, de la Consommation et de la Répression des Fraudes (DGCCRF), has found the Apple ...

  8. Legal news
    03 July 2018
    Algorithms and competition law
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2018/global/algorithms-and-competition-law

    The French and German competition authorities, Autorité de la concurrence and Bundeskartellamt, have started a joint project on algorithms and their effects on competition.

  9. Legal news
    13 October 2020
    Ban of sales through marketplaces: further clarifications would be welcome
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/ban-of-sales-through-marketplaces-further-clarifications-would-be-welcome

    At a time when competition authorities are increasingly concerned about the growing importance of platforms in the digital economy, the possibility for suppliers to prevent distributors from reselling goods through ...

  10. Legal news
    17 May 2021
    FCA keeps a close eye on BigTech entry into the payment industry
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/france/fca-keeps-a-close-eye-on-bigtech-entry-into-the-payment-industry

    The French Competition Authority (FCA) has recently issued an opinion closing the sector inquiry it launched in the payment sector in January 2020. The FCA’s report mainly focuses on the disruption brought by new ...