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  1. Legal news
    06 February 2017
    China Cybersecurity Law update: Critical Information Infrastructure in China - Any clarification?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2017/china/cyber-security-law-update-critical-information-infrastructure-in-china-any-clarification

    As discussed in our newsletter Cybersecurity Law in China – At Long Last!, China's Cybersecurity Law was passed on 7 November 2016 and will come into effect on 1 June 2017.

  2. Legal news
    26 July 2017
    What you need to know about Singapore's new Cybersecurity bill
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2017/singapore/what-you-need-to-know-about-singapores-new-cybersecurity-bill

    On 10 July 2017, the Cyber Security Agency of Singapore (“CSA”) released a draft Cybersecurity Bill for public consultation.

  3. Legal news
    23 August 2017
    Q&A: The use of court-ordered Trojans in Germany
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2017/germany/q-and-a-the-use-of-court-ordered-trojans-in-germany

    The German Parliament passed amendments to the German Criminal Procedure Code (‘GCPC’) on 7 July 2017 in an effort to improve criminal prosecution in light of the use of technology.

  4. Legal news
    23 January 2020
    Permanent Establishment: a new tax regime for the modern digital economy?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/italy/permanent-establishment-a-new-tax-regime-for-the-modern-digital-economy

    Our Milan Tax team takes a look at how tax authorities are expanding their interpretation of the concept of Permanent Establishment (PE) in order to increase tax revenues and ask what this might mean for digital ...

  5. Legal news
    13 July 2020
    NIS Directive and the energy sector: a patchwork of national implementations
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/nis-directive-and-the-energy-sector-a-patchwork-of-national-implementations

    Our team of subject matter experts look at the recent rise in cyber attacks in the energy sector and impact of the introduction of the NIS Directive on the sector as a whole.

  6. Legal news
    07 May 2020
    Spike in cyber-crime activity sparks official warning to Pharma industry
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/spike-in-cyber-crime-activity-sparks-official-warning-to-pharma-industry

    The UK’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) along with the American Department of Homeland Security’s CISA have issued a specific warning to pharmaceutical companies, medical research organisations and universities.

  7. Legal news
    22 January 2021
    Revised Technology Risk Management Guidelines
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/singapore/revised-technology-risk-management-guidelines

    The Monetary Authority of Singapore (“MAS”) recently revised its Technology Risk Management Guidelines (the “Guidelines”) which are to be observed and followed by all financial institutions (“FIs”) that are regulated by ...