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  1. Legal news
    22 January 2019
    Airlines and cyber risk: what is your legal obligation?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/airlines-and-cyber-risk-what-is-your-legal-obligation

    Many of you will be familiar with the NISR (Network and Information Systems Regulations), which came into force on 9 May this year and which have been designed to prevent critical national infrastructure of EU countries ...

  2. Legal news
    15 May 2019
    Electric propulsion of aircraft: market update
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/electric-propulsion-of-aircraft-market-update

    Electric propulsion of aircraft is a growing phenomenon in a sector subject to mounting scrutiny with regard to its environmental impact. Here, our Aviation team looks at some of the political, industrial and regulatory ...

  3. Legal news
    17 October 2019
    Passenger compensation for denied boarding: the limits to standard compensation, and an airline's obligations when re-routing under Regulation 261
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/passenger-compensation-for-denied-boarding

    Our Aviation Regulatory team looks at the European Court's recent clarification of airline's obligations around passenger compensation, including duty of assistance.

  4. Legal news
    21 January 2019
    When is an air carrier not an air carrier? A Regulation 261 anomaly
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/when-is-an-air-carrier-not-an-air-carrier-a-regulation-261-anomaly

    On 6 December 2018 the European Court of Justice ("ECJ") issued a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of EU Regulation 261/2004 ("Regulation 261") Article 2(a), Article 5(1)(c) and Article 7(1). These ...

  5. Legal news
    15 January 2019
    Would the delays caused by the impoundment of an aircraft due to the airline's failure to pay an outstanding debt to local authorities amount to an "extraordinary circumstance" under EC 261/2004?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/delays-caused-by-the-airlines-failure-to-pay-an-outstanding-debt-to-local-authorities

    On 8 November 2018 the press reported that Ryanair was required to pay approximately €525,000, according to regional airport officials, to secure the return of a Boeing aircraft impounded at Bordeaux airport.

  6. Legal news
    15 January 2019
    Wet-leasing: European Council agrees amendment to EC 1008/2008 for consistency with the EU/US Open Skies agreement
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/wet-leasing-european-council-agrees-amendment-to-ec-1008-2008

    Many airlines operating in Europe have had to deal with the limitations and control on use of wet-lease capacity whether leasing "in" or "out", and in particular when non-EU wet lessors are involved.

  7. Legal news
    26 November 2018
    The ECJ rules on how air fares should be published by EU carriers in order to comply with Regulation 1008/2008
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2018/global/the-ecj-rules-on-how-air-fares-should-be-published-by-eu-carriers

    On 15 November 2018 the European Court of Justice issued a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Article 2(18) and Article 23(1) of EC No 1008/2008 on common rules for the operation of air services (the ...

  8. Legal news
    16 April 2018
    Regulation 261: Supreme Court rejects appeal in Gahan v Emirates
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2018/global/regulation-261-supreme-court-rejects-appeal-in-gahan-v-emirates

    In October 2017 we reported on the Court of Appeal's treatment of some of the confusing issues that can arise in the context of "connecting flights" under Regulation 261.

  9. Legal news
    17 April 2018
    Proposed replacement to regulation 868/2004: EU moves a step closer to a new Regulation addressing anti-competitive practices from outside the EU
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2018/global/proposed-replacement-to-regulation-868-1008-eu-moves-a-step-closer-to-a-new-regulation

    On 20 March 2018, transport MEPs voted in favour of a proposed Regulation 'on safeguarding competition in air transport', which would repeal and replace Regulation 868/2004.

  10. Legal news
    17 April 2018
    Commission Consultation on Regulation 1008/2008
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2018/global/commission-consultation-on-regulation-1008-2008

    On 15 March 2018 the European Commission launched a public consultation on Regulation No 1008/2008. This is one of two consultations being carried out concurrently, with a view to its potential revision.