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Resale Price Maintenance (RPM) occurs when a supplier requires a distributor or retailer to resell its goods or services at a fixed or minimum resale price.
Cartels are serious anti-competitive practices. Cartel conduct is considered one of the most serious violations of competition law and the Hong Kong Competition Ordinance treats it as such.
Exclusive dealing clauses are commonly found in vertical agreements such as supply or distribution agreements.
Under the Competition Ordinance, the Merger Rule prohibits a merger that has, or is likely to have, the effect of substantially lessening competition in Hong Kong.
The Competition Ordinance (Ordinance) is enforced by the Competition Commission (Commission) and the Competition Tribunal (Tribunal). Although the Hong Kong competition law resembles that of UK and the EU, the judicial ...
'Margin squeezing' or 'price squeezing' occurs where a firm which is active in two levels of a supply chain (a vertically integrated firm), and which controls an important input to the finished product or service, uses ...
Firms are generally entitled to choose with whom and on what terms they will do business. However a refusal to deal can breach the Competition Ordinance in two instances: