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  1. Legal news
    29 March 2021
    Connected vehicles – Finalised guidelines from the EDPB
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/uk/connected-vehicles--finalised-guidelines-from-the-edpb

    In January 2020, the European Data Protection Board (“EDPB”) issued draft guidelines on connected vehicles. We summarised and commented on these draft guidelines and you can access our previous article here. On 9 March ...

  2. Legal news
    08 May 2018
    Cyber risks in the automotive industry
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2018/global/cyber-risks-in-the-automotive-industry

    The Network and Information Systems (NIS) Directive, which aims to increase the security of network and information systems across the EU, becomes law in each Member State on 9 May 2018.

  3. Legal news
    10 September 2021
    The 'twin' directives: new rules on digital content and services and consumer sales contracts in Italy
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/italy/le-direttive-gemelle-novita-sui-contenuti-e-servizi-digitali-e-sui-contratti

    As of 1 July 2021, Italy, like the other Member States, will adopt the provisions to comply with: Directive (EU) 770/2019 on certain aspects concerning contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services; ...

  4. Legal news
    10 November 2020
    Legal implications of digital twins in the supply chain
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/legal-implications-of-digital-twins-in-the-supply-chain

    Digital twin technology promises to be the bridge between physical products, systems, real world organisations and the digital world.

  5. Legal news
    24 June 2019
    Big Data & Issues & Opportunities: Looking beyond
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/big-data-and-issues-and-opportunities-looking-beyond

    In this concluding article of our series on "Big Data & Issues & Opportunities", we want to start looking beyond the issues and opportunities that were identified in the 17 articles that make up the series.

  6. Legal news
    14 June 2019
    China Cyber Security Law Update: Long-Awaited Second Draft Measures on Security Assessment for Export of Personal Information: Any clarity?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/china-cyber-security-law-update

    On 13 June 2019, the Cyberspace Administration of China (CAC) issued a long-awaited second draft Measures on Security Assessment for Export of Personal Information. In this update we examine some of the key takeaways.

  7. Legal news
    23 August 2021
    The Gloves Are Off! China’s Personal Information Protection Law was Passed and will Come into Effect on 1 November 2021
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/china/chinas-personal-information-protection-law-was-passed

    On August 20, 2021, the long-awaited Personal Information Protection Law of the People’s Republic of China (“PIPL”) was officially adopted by the National People’s Congress Standing Committee after its third reading. ...

  8. Legal news
    05 October 2021
    Hong Kong Passes Bill On Doxxing-Related Provisions – The Passing Of The Personal Data (Privacy) Amendment Bill 2021
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/hong-kong/hong-kong-passes-bill-on-doxxing-related-provisions

    The Personal Data (Privacy) (Amendment) Bill 2021 (“Bill”) has gone through the third reading and has been passed by the Legislative Council on 29 September 2021 with some changes discussed below.

  9. Legal news
    23 April 2020
    Managing China Subsidiaries during the COVID-19 Epidemic
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/china/managing-china-subsidiaries-during-the-covid19-epidemic

    Relevant Legal Issues and Countermeasures in relation to Corporate Governance and Compliance.

  10. Legal news
    19 November 2021
    The EU Whistleblower Directive and implementation challenges – a “last minute” update
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2021/denmark/the-eu-whistleblower-directive-and-implementation-challenges

    With the deadline for implementing the EU Whistleblower Directive (with the Annex; the EUWBD) only a few weeks out, most member states are still yet to complete the process of transposition. The purpose of this article ...