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  1. Legal news
    13 November 2019
    Five years of the Competition Damages Directive: The first rulings from the European Court of Justice
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/five-years-of-the-competition-damaged-directive

    November 2019 marks the 5th anniversary of the adoption of the EU Competition Damages Directive. We lead with an analysis of the two judgments of the European Court of Justice to date that address this Directive.

  2. Legal news
    05 February 2019
    "Effective enforcement of EU competition rules in the pharmaceutical law remains a matter of high priority…"
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/effective-enforcement-of-eu-competition-rules-in-pharmaceutical-law

    So notes the Commission's report on competition enforcement in the pharmaceutical sector (2009-2017) published at the end of January 2019.

  3. Legal news
    15 April 2019
    EC Expert Group calls for changes to antitrust enforcement in digital markets
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/ec-expert-group-calls-for-changes-to-antitrust-enforcement-in-digital-markets

    In these final months of Margrethe Vestager's mandate as European Competition Commissioner, she is pursuing a serious reflection on whether or not traditional competition rules and principles are fit for purpose in this ...

  4. Legal news
    13 February 2019
    The threshold of 'transnationality' in EWC matters
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/threshold-of-transnationality-in-ewc-matters

    The European Works Council ('EWC') is a body of workers information and consultation in the European Union. Its material scope of authority is limited to transnational matters, i.e. matters that concern the ...

  5. Legal news
    26 November 2018
    The ECJ rules on how air fares should be published by EU carriers in order to comply with Regulation 1008/2008
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2018/global/the-ecj-rules-on-how-air-fares-should-be-published-by-eu-carriers

    On 15 November 2018 the European Court of Justice issued a preliminary ruling concerning the interpretation of Article 2(18) and Article 23(1) of EC No 1008/2008 on common rules for the operation of air services (the ...

  6. Legal news
    13 October 2020
    European Commission confirms the need for more guidance on retail parity or most favoured nation (‘MFN’) clauses
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/retail-parity-or-most-favoured-nation-mfn-clauses

    One of the key gaps in the current competition law framework for vertical agreements is the absence of guidance on how retail parity clauses (also known as MFN’s) should be assessed under Article 101 TFEU. In the ...

  7. Legal news
    09 April 2020
    State aid support to the Hotel and Leisure sector following the COVID-19 outbreak
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/state-aid-support-to-the-hotel-and-leisure-sector-following-the-covid19-outbreak

    The European Commission has recognised the Hotel and Leisure sector as one of the sectors hit hardest by the COVID-19 outbreak. The impact of the COVID-19 crisis on the Hotel and Leisure sector is unparalleled. The ...

  8. Legal news
    16 June 2020
    Internal investigations – What to do when there is a suspicion that an employee is infringing Competition Law
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/what-to-do-when-there-is-a-suspicion-that-an-employee-is-infringing-competition-law

    Following the increasingly important role of compliance with competition rules, our competition team analyses the most relevant aspects that must be taken into account when conducting an internal investigation ...

  9. Legal news
    30 March 2020
    Online Competition Compliance Training
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/online-competition-compliance-training

    Continuing your Competition Compliance training programme when people are working remotely.

  10. Legal news
    10 July 2020
    Consultation regarding the EU Market Definition Notice
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2020/global/consultation-regarding-the-eu-market-definition-notice

    The Commission took its next steps in the review of the European Competition law rulebook. On 26 June 2020, the Commission published a consultation on the review of the EU Market Definition Notice with a deadline to ...