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  1. Legal news
    28 June 2019
    Half a year Netherlands Commercial Court: an update
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/netherlands/half-a-year-netherlands-commercial-court-an-update

    On 1 January 2019, the Netherlands Commercial Court ("NCC") was launched and ready to hear cases regarding international commercial disputes in the English language

  2. Legal news
    28 January 2019
    What is NISR and who is impacted?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/what-is-nisr-and-who-is-impacted

    The NISR (Network and Information Systems Regulations), which came into force on 9 May 2018, are designed to protect the critical national infrastructure of EU countries in the event of a cyber attack.

  3. Legal news
    25 July 2019
    Choice of jurisdiction for passenger claims under Regulation 261: Brussels Recast and the Montreal Convention? Advocate General's opinion
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/choice-of-jurisdiction-for-passenger-claims-under-regulation-261

    Simon Phippard and Sandra Nicolle take a look at a recent passenger rights case and the questions it raises around extraordinary circumstances and how jurisdiction is determined.

  4. Legal news
    08 November 2019
    Cyber update: what will Brexit mean for NIS and Digital Service Providers?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/cyber-update-what-will-brexit-mean-for-nis-and-digital-service-providers

    As the UK moves ever closer to Brexit, our Cybersecurity team looks at its potential impact on the regulatory compliance of Digital Service Providers.

  5. Legal news
    05 September 2019
    Digital market place regulatory environment in flux: What the Amazon decision can tell us about France’s regulatory environment for P2B players
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/digital-market-place-regulatory-environment-in-flux

    In its judgment produced on the 2 September, the commercial court of Paris considered that a dozen clauses of the general terms and conditions of use imposed by Amazon on its partners to be particularly imbalanced, and ...

  6. Legal news
    08 May 2019
    Practical Law Digital Business Global Guide updated for 2019
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/practical-law-digital-business-global-guide-updated-for-2019

    For many years Bird & Bird has been providing first-rate legal advice to renowned electronic commerce players as they drive forward the global digital revolution.

  7. Legal news
    04 September 2019
    Danish FSA grants an additional 18 months to issuers and acquirers in Denmark to comply with the PSD2 SCA requirements - but only for online card payments
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/danish-fsa-grants-an-additional-18-months-to-issuers-and-acquirers-in-denmark

    Pursuant to PSD2, as implemented by the Danish Payments Act, issuers and acquirers need to ensure that the card issuer performs a Strong Customer Authentication (SCA) of the cardholder when it is initiating a payment, ...

  8. Legal news
    25 April 2019
    European Union's new Cybersecurity act: what do you need to know?
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/european-unions-new-cybersecurity-act

    As internet-connected devices across Europe playing an increasingly important role in supporting day to day economic activity, EU parliament has recently passed a new Cybersecurity Act, ensuring cyber resilience of ...

  9. Legal news
    09 September 2019
    Online Card Payments temporarily exempt from Strong Customer Authentication in Finland
    www.twobirds.com/en/news/articles/2019/global/online-card-payments-temporarily-exempt-from-strong-customer-authentication-in-finland

    Pursuant to PSD2, as implemented into Finnish law, payment service providers needs to perform SCA when the user accesses its payment account online, when the payer is initiating a payment, or when the user carries out ...