My principal interest is in technology relating to electronics, computers, and semiconductor design and manufacture.My litigation experience includes patent disputes concerning microprocessor architectures, circuit designs, optoelectronic systems, semiconductor fabrication techniques and manufacturing equipment, and mobile telecommunications systems and networks. Much of this work involves developing strategies in multi-jurisdictional disputes and co-ordinating actions as they progressed through different legal systems. This has involved acting directly not only with clients' in-house counsel and their overseas law firms in close conjunction with Bird & Bird offices world-wide but also with expert technical witnesses.My interest in this field of technology prompted me to study in my own time for a BSc degree in electronics and computing with The Open University, which I completed in 1998. This has helped me to come to a better understanding of the technical aspects of disputes and to work efficiently both with clients' in-house engineers and with expert witnesses. I also practise a little with the Java programming language. In addition to resolving disputes I have carried out infringement and validity studies and have also developed patent filing strategies so that clients can obtain the best value in protection and enforcement from their patent portfolios. These strategies have also included an appreciation of customs seizure procedures and potential licensing programmes as alternatives to litigation.