Legal Notices

The Legal Notices should be read as a whole. Certain words as used in the Legal Notices and elsewhere on this website, in emails and in other materials are to have the meanings assigned here.


Bird & Bird LLP or some other Bird & Bird entity is, unless otherwise stated, the owner of copyright and database right in this website and its contents. No part of this website may be published, distributed, extracted, re-utilised, or reproduced in any material form (including photocopying or storing it in any medium by electronic means and whether or not transiently or incidentally to some other use of this publication), except in accordance with the permissions set out below or as agreed in writing by Bird & Bird or as permitted by the Copyright Designs and Patents Act 1988 or the Copyright and Rights in Databases Regulations 1997, as applicable. 

IMPORTANT: The following permissions DO NOT APPLY to content supplied by third parties, including that supplied by the Financial Times. For permitted use of third party content apply to the relevant content owner. Bird & Bird LLP reserves the right at any time at its discretion to withdraw or modify the licences set out below.

Licence for personal use

You may view this site electronically.

You may, only for your personal use or for the purposes of the legitimate business of yours or of your employer, but in any case for the factual material in the website content concerning the firm or generally and not for reliance on any points of law, print or save to your individual or your employer's PC, tablet or storage medium extracts from this site for such use ("extracted material").

Licence to recopy for limited purposes

You may recopy extracted material to individual third parties for their personal use only, but only if:

  • you do so on an occasional basis and free of charge;
  • any copyright notices and the Bird & Bird website address ( remain intact on all printed and electronic copies or, if not present on the original, you acknowledge the Bird & Bird website as the source of the material; and
  • you inform the third party that these conditions apply to him or her; and
  • the extracted material remains in complete and unmodified form.
This licence to recopy does not permit incorporation of the material or any part of it in any other work or publication, whether in hard copy or electronic or any other form. In particular (but without limitation), no part of the Bird & Bird website may be distributed or recopied for any commercial purpose or for a fee.

Links to Bird & Bird's website

We only permit electronic links which must fairly indicate Bird & Bird or as the destination of the link to pages of this website and from which the Legal Notices can be accessed. You may not provide an electronic link to any other page of this website or to any other documents hosted on this website without our written consent. Any link to material or information on this site must be neither misleading nor deceptive. Otherwise, you may not link to this site, nor frame it, without the express written permission of the firm. We reserve the right to request that you remove an electronic link to this site, or to materials or information on this website, at any time and you agree to remove such a link immediately.


"Bird & Bird" and "twobirds" are registered trademarks.

Local laws

You are responsible for obeying all applicable laws in any jurisdiction relating to the intellectual property rights subsisting in this website.

Other terms

Where access to restricted parts of this web site is subject to more specific terms, those terms apply instead.


Comments on this site are welcome. To send comments please contact us via our Contact Us page.