• New administrative revocation and cancellation proceedings before the BOIP
  • Strengthening the rights conferred by trade marks and introducing new limitations
  • New grounds in opposition proceedings

Czech Republic

  • Administrative change in process of registering trade mark
  • No requirement of graphical representation of the trade mark
  • New certification marks available


  • The option to comment on trade mark applications under examination without becoming a party to the case
  • Goods in transit: the opportunity to prevent third parties shipping infringing goods to Denmark and the opportunity to prohibit preliminary actions for commercial purposes
  • The continuous acknowledgement of the "First user" principle


  • Classification of trade marks and applicability to older trade marks
  • Administrative cancellation and revocation
  • Goods in transit and infringement of EU industrial rights


  • Harmonization of the opposition proceedings
  • New absolute grounds of refusal
  • Establishment of revocation and nullity procedures before the national offices
  • Reinforced means of fight against counterfeit goods


  • New administrative cancellation and revocation procedures before the IPO
  • Goods in transit: Now explicitly subject to national trade mark law and the owners of goods have to provide proof that goods do not infringe trade marks at their destination
  • New certification marks available


  • New grounds for refusal based on traditional terms for wine, traditional specialities and plant variety denominations
  • Modified renewal procedure before the Hungarian Intellectual Property Office ("HIPO")


  • Opposition procedure: implementation of prior rights to be enforced and mandatory grounds
  • Proceedings for revocation on the basis of absolute grounds/prior rights/relative grounds and lack of genuine use: new administrative procedures before the Italian Patent and Trademark Office ("IPTO")
  • Proceedings before the Board of Appeals against the decisions of the IPTO: to be amended and implemented
  • Infringement proceedings: implementation of non-use as defence
  • New collective, guarantee and certification trademarks


  • New absolute grounds – shape "or another characteristic"
  • New guarantee marks and collective marks
  • Simplified renewal
  • Changes to law on licensing
  • New rights conferred by a trade mark
  • Implementation of non-use as a defence in infringement and invalidation proceedings


  • New types of trade marks available
  • Limitation of ex officio examination of application
  • Non-use as a defence in infringement proceedings
  • Trade mark infringement by goods in transit


  • Possibility to require the opponent to submit proof of use of the trade mark
  • New administrative cancellation and revocation procedures before the Spanish Patent and Trademark Office ("SPTO")
  • Goods in transit: Now the owner/declarant of goods has to provide proof that they do not infringe trade marks at their destination


  • The scope of protection for a trade mark will be extended to also include counterfeit goods in transit
  • In opposition proceedings, a cooling off period will be introduced and it will be possible for the applicant to request proof of use of the earlier trade mark
  • A new Company Names Act (in Swedish: lag om företagsnamn) will replace the current Trade Names Act (in Swedish: firmalagen)

United Kingdom

  • Anti-counterfeiting measures have been tightened up and customs will be able to seize counterfeit goods in transit through the UK
  • Own name defence for companies will no longer apply
  • Amongst the procedural changes, the Intellectual Property Office ("IPO") will no longer inform applicants of expired marks when examining an application